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艺品在线2020精品推荐第6期:第三套人民币

2020-09-22 21:52:19 [来源:未知]

中国钱币历史悠久,源远流长,品种纷繁,多姿多彩,从商代的贝币、战国的刀、布币,秦代的方孔圆钱,到清末的机制铜银币,再到近现代的人民币,数以万种千姿百态的钱币构成了当今钱币收藏领域中最为庞大的收藏门类。其中,人民币是指中国人民银行成立后于1948年12月1日首次发行的货币,建国后为中华人民共和国法定货币,至1999年10月1日启用新版为止共发行五套,形成了包括纸币与金属币、普通纪念币与贵金属纪念币等多品种、多系列的货币体系。

Chinese coins have a long history, with numerous varieties and colorful features. Tens of thousands of different kinds of coins constitute the largest collection category in the current coin collection field, from Bei coins in the Shang Dynasty, knives and cloth coins in the Warring States Period, round coins in square holes in the Qin Dynasty, to mechanical copper and silver coins in the late Qing Dynasty, and then to modern RMB. Among them, RMB refers to the currency issued for the first time on December 1, 1948 after the founding of the People's Bank of China. After the founding of the People's Republic of China, it became the legal currency of the People's Republic of China. Up to October 1, 1999, a total of five sets were issued, forming a multi-variety and multi-series monetary system including paper money and metal coins, ordinary commemorative coins and precious metal commemorative coins.

中国人民银行自从1948年开始发行第一套人民币以来,版别较为复杂的是自1962年开始发行的第三套人民币,与第二套人民币比价相等,并在市场上与之混合流通。这套人民币与第二套人民币相比,取消了3元纸币,增加了1角、2角、5角和1元四种金属币。它以其主题思想突出、时代气息鲜明、图案美观大方、设计风格新颖、券别结构合理、印制工艺先进并有较强的防伪性能等特点,在我国货币发行史上写下了光辉的一页,独特的时代性、艺术性和群众性,丰富的政治、经济、文化内涵,在我国已发行过的五套纸币中,它的品质最为独特,底蕴最为丰润,决定了它是最有收藏价值和投资潜力的一套人民币。

Since the People's Bank of China issued the first set of RMB in 1948, the third set of RMB issued since 1962 is more complicated, which has the same price as the second set of RMB and is mixed with it in the market. Compared with the second set of RMB, this set of RMB cancels the 3 yuan paper currency and adds four kinds of metal coins: 1 dime, 2 cents, 5 cents and 1 yuan. It has written a glorious page in the history of China's currency issuance because of its outstanding theme, distinct flavor of the times, elegant design, novel design style, reasonable structure of vouchers, advanced printing technology and strong anti-counterfeiting performance. It is unique in the times, artistry and mass, and rich in political, economic and cultural connotations. Among the five sets of banknotes issued in China, its quality is the most unique and its inside information is the richest, which determines that it is the most collectible.

第三套人民币是我国首次自主研发、自主印制的第一套纸钱币,从上世纪1957年开始研发到2000年停止流通,历经了反右运动、大跃进、低标准、四清运动、文革和改革开放初期等历史过程的风风雨雨,见证了我国各个历史阶段的经济、政治的血雨腥风和荣辱兴衰。第三套人民币1962年发行枣红色1角纸币起,到2000年停止流通,前后历时38年,历史跨度之大前无古人,后无来者。

The third set of RMB is the first set of paper coins independently developed and printed in China for the first time. From the beginning of research and development in 1957 to the end of circulation in 2000, it has experienced the ups and downs of the anti-rightist movement, the Great Leap Forward, the low standards, the four clean-ups movement, the Cultural Revolution and the early stage of reform and opening up, and witnessed the economic and political blood shed and the rise and fall of honor and disgrace in various historical stages of China. The third set of RMB ceased to circulate in 2000 after the issue of bordeaux 10-cent notes in 1962. It lasted for 38 years before and after, and its historical span was unprecedented.

 

第三套人民币纸币发行共有1角、2角、5角、1元、2元、5元、10元7种面额、9种版别,纸币中“中国人民银行”六字是由马文蔚先生所书写。票面上两方印章分别为“行长之章”和“副行长章”。纸币背面印有用汉语拼音、蒙古文、维吾尔文、藏文、壮文书写的“中国人民银行”字样。其票面不仅反映了我国当时的历史背景、社会政治与经济状况,而且也象征着我国印刷工业的发展,因而有着非常特殊的历史意义。与第二套人民币相比,第三套人民币主题思想鲜明,突出了当时以农业为基础,以工业主导,农轻重工并举的方针,并且还缩小的面额,增加了很多先进技术,融绘画、书法、篆刻等艺术手法于一体,本身就是绝妙的艺术品,这种史料价值和可欣赏性,使它备受收藏爱好者追捧。

There are 7 denominations and 9 editions of the third set of RMB banknotes, including 1 dime, 2 cents, 5 cents, 1 yuan, 2 yuan, 5 yuan and 10 yuan. The word "People's Bank of China" in the banknotes is written by Mr. Ma Wenwei. The two seals on the ticket face are "President's Seal" and "Vice President's Seal". The words "People's Bank of China" written in Chinese Pinyin, Mongolian, Uighur, Tibetan and Zhuang characters are printed on the back of the banknotes. Its face value not only reflects the historical background, social, political and economic conditions of China at that time, but also symbolizes the development of China's printing industry, so it has a very special historical significance. Compared with the second set of RMB, the theme of the third set of RMB is distinct, highlighting the policy of taking agriculture as the foundation, taking industry as the leading factor, focusing on both agriculture and industry, and reducing the denomination, adding a lot of advanced technology, integrating painting, calligraphy, seal cutting and other artistic techniques, which is a wonderful work of art in itself. This historical value and appreciation make it highly sought after by collectors.

 

此组第三套人民币。主图采用手工雕刻工艺,面额文字刊底花纹采用机器雕刻。图案精美、印刷一流,品相完整,深受大众喜爱。其中枣红色壹角券、墨绿色贰分券被人们称为第三套纸币中的“币王”,纸币中的珍品。该套纸币历时50年来,市场沉淀充分,深受广大收藏爱好者热捧。大全套完整样票已经被收录到国家钱币博物馆,是重要文物。第三套人民币是我国目前已发行的五套人民币中流通时间特长的一套,也是我国首次完全独立设计、印制的首套纸币。第一,在于价格上的公道,它的价格对于收藏者来说,非常便宜,而且收藏起来后,在将来升值潜力非常强,价值无法评估,无法衡量。第二,它相对于第四套人民币来说,价值比较深远,文化历史比较悠久,深刻反映当时经济发展的状态,让人们知道当时1940年的经济复苏情况。为此,收藏意义不凡。第三,升值潜力非常大,在未来空间上有着无法预测的估,或者说,将来可能成为市场上的钞王,从而促进经济业的发展。

The third set of RMB in this group. The main drawing is hand-carved, and the bottom pattern of denomination words is machine-carved. Exquisite patterns, first-class printing and complete appearance are popular among the public. Among them, the purplish red dime coupon and the dark green half coupon are called the "money king" in the third set of banknotes, and the treasures in banknotes. This set of banknotes has been fully deposited in the market for 50 years, and is popular among collectors. A complete set of sample tickets has been included in the National Coin Museum and is an important cultural relic. The third set of RMB is one of the five sets of RMB issued in China, and it is also the first set of banknotes designed and printed completely independently for the first time in China. First, it is fair in price. Its price is very cheap for collectors, and after being collected, its value cannot be evaluated and measured. Second, compared with the fourth set of RMB, it has a far-reaching value and a long cultural history, which deeply reflects the state of economic development at that time and lets people know the economic recovery in 1940. Therefore, the collection is of great significance. Third, the appreciation potential is very large, and there is an unpredictable estimation in the future space, or it may become the money king in the market in the future, thus promoting the development of economy and industry.

 

 

 

 

 

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